President Donald Trump has nominated Neil Gorsuch to fill the seat on the US Supreme Court vacated by the death of Justice Antonin Scalia.
Gorsuch, a conservative Supreme Court justice, will become the highest-ranking member of the conservative court since the late Justice Antonine Roberts.
Gorsuch was sworn in as the 44th justice to the Supreme State on Friday.
Trump’s announcement comes less than two weeks before he is set to make his first major policy announcement.
Here’s what you need to know about the nomination.
Trump nominated Gorsuch for the vacant seat on Monday.
The former judge is the highest ranking conservative on the conservative-leaning court, and Trump said he wanted to be the first nominee since Justice William Brennan in 2003 to serve for 10 years on the court.
“I am thrilled to announce the nomination of Judge Gorsuch to the United States Supreme Court,” Trump said in a statement.
“He has a deep understanding of the Constitution, the rule of law and of our democracy.”
Gorsuch, 56, who has previously worked for the Cato Institute, is a constitutional scholar, former prosecutor and a conservative legal commentator.
He will be confirmed on February 9.
“The Supreme Court has become a source of constitutional uncertainty and has a powerful influence on the nation’s life and future,” Trump’s nomination reads.
“As the first justice on the Court, Judge Gorsuch will bring a wealth of knowledge and experience to this institution.”
A key part of Gorsuch’s judicial philosophy will be that “the Constitution is not a text that can be altered in the service of political expediency or partisan ends,” Trump stated in a written statement.
Gorsuch has previously been critical of the court’s liberal justices, including liberal justice Sonia Sotomayor and conservative justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
Trump praised Gorsuch for “a record of judicial activism” during his nomination.
Gorsuch also served on the 10-member U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
He was confirmed in 2014, a year after Justice Neil Gorsuch was appointed to the court by President Bill Clinton.
The next president will likely nominate the next justice on January 31.
Gorsuch’s nomination comes just days after the Supreme House approved the nomination by the Senate, in a 51-49 vote.
The Senate approved the nominee by a vote of 48-34, with Vice President Mike Pence casting a tie-breaking vote.
Gorsuch is the first Supreme Court nominee since Antonin Court of Chief Justice Louis Brandeis, who died in February, that has been confirmed by the full Senate.
Gorsuch said in his statement that he is “honored” to be confirmed by Senate Republicans.
The US Supreme court has been dominated by conservative justices since Scalia’s death in February 2016.
Trump said during his campaign that he wanted “the conservative Supreme court” to stay on “the right side of history” by upholding marriage equality.
Trump has frequently cited Gorsuch as a friend to his administration.
Gorsuch previously was a member of Trump’s National Advisory Council and served as a senior adviser to Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign.
The president’s nominee was confirmed by an 84-13 vote in the Senate in July.
The confirmation process is expected to last a full 60 days, and the final confirmation vote could come as early as next week.